Trees in the Grange Cemetery

The survey

This survey was carried out in June-August 2020 by Peter Pitkin. All measurements in the following tables are rough estimates, in feet and inches. The plan indicating the position of the numbered trees was traced from the Google satellite image, 2020.

In some cases an identification is less than certain – indicated in the tables by ‘cf.’ (compare), e.g. Betula cf. pubescens. The identification of some trees, particularly the cherries, could be confirmed earlier in the year when they would be in flower or newly in leaf.

View NW from central walkway

Some observations

View NE from central walkway

There are around 40 different kinds of trees. Of these, seventeen commonly grow wild at least somewhere in the UK.

There is a mixture of planted and self-sown trees. Many of the birches are likely to have been self-sown, and there are frequent self-sown sycamores. It is difficult to discern much of a pattern to any older planting. More recently, however, the oaks and Austrian pines planted around 25(?) years ago were planted in a cross-like formation in each of the four divisions of the main part of the cemetery.

The most impressive trees visually are the copper (purple) beeches, the single wild-type beech, the limes and the larger sycamores, but there are also some very attractive silver birches. The limes are the tallest, reaching around 75ft.

The limes, the beeches and the largest sycamores were very likely all planted at the same time, probably when (or soon after) the cemetery was laid out. There are four very large wild cherries (gean) which may be contemporary with them.

It is very unlikely that any of the trees are older than the cemetery itself.

177 Copper beech
078 Dawn redwood

The most interesting specimens are the silver lime (Tilia tomentosa), the dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), the field maple (Acer campestre) and the hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). All are young – probably planted around 20-25 years ago. The berberis (Berberis darwinii) is a common garden shrub, but is remarkable here for its height (c.22ft.).

There is an assortment of sycamores (though no more varied than on Bruntsfield Links and the Meadows) with three variegated trees, one resembling ‘Corstorphinense’ and a red-leaved one.

All the larger trees, except for one notable sycamore (no.150) and perhaps the birches, have at some time been pollarded, very likely more than once. At a rough guess the last time would have been between the wars. With the birches it is much harder to tell – a few show clear signs, but generally they do not respond by producing the crop of relatively uniform vertical stems that we see for instance in the lime trees. With the trees pollarded there would have been an open view across the cemetery, so its appearance and its atmosphere would have been very different from now.

128 Beech trunk – old pollarding
147 Silver birch ID no.

Marked trees
Only two trees are marked as being planted in memory of the cemetery’s occupants.

Some of the older trees bear numbered tags. There appear to be two series of numbers, both incomplete – one (probably the earlier) with five figures followed by EDC, the other with five figures followed by CEM.

A young Scots pine (No 83) has a plaque labelling it ‘The Grange Association Millennium Tree’, recording that it was planted by Roger Crofts CBE, Chief Executive of Scottish Natural Heritage on 6t6 October 1999. The plaque needs replacing.

The birches are very varied.  Many of them are clearly the silver birch, Betula pendula, but with varying degrees of ‘weeping’, some of them doing so very prettily. A smaller number resemble downy birch, B. pubescens, to some degree and while I am happy that some of these are the species, others with intermediate or mixed characteristics appear to be hybrids. I have not attempted to draw that line.

In addition to the trees, several shrubs are worth mentioning. Leycesteria formosa, the Himalayan honeysuckle is plentiful and very obviously self-seeding (spread by birds that eat the black fruits). Several species of Cotoneaster (incl. C. frigidus, C. horizontalis, C conspicuus) are present, no doubt similarly introduced by birds. And in the western extension Hebe armstrongii, one of the ‘whipcord’ hebes from New Zealand, has been planted on the E-W bank, and is quite striking even though it is now getting rather old.

053 Silver birch

Peter Pitkin
Edinburgh, September 2020

Kinds of trees ordered by number

Note that the numbers include some immature self-sown specimens which are perhaps better described as shrubs or bushes. The smallest and scrappiest are omitted.
* indicates species found wild in the UK.

(Click on below for photos)

Betula pendula*Silver birch50
Acer pseudoplatanus*Sycamore21
Betula pubescens or hybrids B. pubescens x B. pendula*Downy birch15
Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea’Copper (purple) beech12
Sorbus intermediaSwedish whitebeam11
Tilia x europaeaLime9
Quercus robur*English oak9
Ilex aquifolium*Holly6
Sorbus aucuparia*Rowan6
Pinus nigraAustrian pine5
P. sylvestris*Scots pine5
Prunus cf. ‘Kanzan’Ornamental flowering cherry5
P. avium*Gean/ wild cherry4(?5)
Crataegus monogyna*Hawthorn4
Acer pseudoplatanus ‘Variegatum’Sycamore, variegated3
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (vars.)Lawson cypress (varieties)3
Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’Irish yew3
Malus x purpurea cf. LemoineiCrab apple, a purple-leaved variety2
Thuja occidentalis ‘Lutea’Eastern white cedar (variety)2
Acer campestre*Field maple1
A. platanoidesNorway maple1
A. platanoides (var.)Norway maple, purple-leaved1
A. pseudoplatanus ‘Purpureum’Sycamore , red-leaved1
A. pseudoplatanus cf.  ‘Corstorphinense’Sycamore, variety1
Berberis darwinii 1
Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’Silver birch, cut-leaved1
Carpinus betulus*Hornbeam1
Fagus sylvatica*Beech, wild type1
Fraxinus excelsior*Ash1
M. x tschonoskiiPillar apple1
Malus sp.Ornamental crab apple (? ‘Red Sentinel’)1
Metasequoia glyptostroboidesDawn redwood1
Prunus, other ornamental, possible P. ‘Spire’Flowering cherry1
Salix caprea*Goat willow1
Sambucus nigra*Elder1
Sorbus aria*Whitebeam1
Sorbus cf. mougeotiiVosges whitebeam1
Taxus baccata*Yew, wild type1
Tilia tomentosaSilver lime1

Inventory of trees in the Grange Cemetery

Tree map v14
Tree map v14

Numbers as marked on plan above

(Click on below for photos)

1  Fraxinus excelsiorAsh(2 x 10ins) x 15ft. 
2Prunus (cf. P. hillieri ‘Spire’)Ornamental cherryMulti-stemmed 10ft.   
3                             Pinus sylvestrisScots pine16ins x 25ft. 
4Prunus aviumGeanMulti-stemmed 10ftSelf-sown
5Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (var.)Lawson cypress(c.5 x <8ins.) x 15ft. 
6Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech30ins. x 35ft. 
7Betula pendulaSilver birchc.9ins. x 20ft. 
8Ilex aquifoliumHolly8ins. x 15ft. 
9Ilex aquifoliumHolly(2 x 6ins.) x 12ft. 
10Ilex aquifoliumHolly6ins. x 12ft. 
11Betula pendulaSilver birch(2 x 9-10ins.) x 35ft. 
12Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore(3+3+4ins.) x 15ft.Self-sown
13Prunus aviumGean2ins. x 10ft.Ailing
14Acer platanoides (var.)Norway maple (purple)3ins. x 12ft.Possibly ‘Faasens Black’
15Salix caprea ssp. sericeaGoat willowBush 12ft. x 12ft.Quite a good match for ssp. sericea – no stipules, cuneate leaf base, lvs. silvery below,  etc.
16Betula pendulaSilver birch8ins. x 25ft.Self-sown
17Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech40ins. x 55ft. 
18Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beechc.42ins. x 50ft.Not quite so purple as 17
19Betula pendulaSilver birch25ins. x 45ft. 
20Acer pseudoplatanus ‘ Variegatum’Sycamore – variegated24ins. x 48ft. 
21Betula pendulaSilver birch30ins. x 50ft. 
22Pinus sylvestrisScots pine16ins. x 45ft.Straggly – suffering from adjacent beech
23Ilex aquifoliumHolly12ft.Straggly
24Betula pendulaSilver birch(4 x 8ins) x 30ft. 
25Betula pendulaSilver birch8ins. x 18ft. 
26Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (var.)Lawson cypressBush 10ft. x 10ft. 
27Malus x purpureaPurple-leaved crab18ins. x 22ft.Occasional leaves lobed. Possibly ‘Lemoinei’ cf. 54
28Prunus cf. ‘Kanzan’Flowering cherry25ins@ 3ft. (6x<16ins. above) x 20ft. 
29Betula pendulaSilver birch16ins. x 30ft. 
30Prunus cf. ’Kanzan’Flowering cherry20ins. @ 4ft. x 15ft. 
31Prunus aviumGean32ins. x 45ft. 
Acer pseudoplatanus cf. ‘Variegatum’Sycamore – variegated30ins. x 20
33Pinus nigraAustrian pine15ins. x 25ft. 
34Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech20ins. @ 2ft. (into 6 x c.10ins @ 4ft.) x 22ft.01990CEM
35Prunus aviumGean32ins. x 25ft.00030EDC; 01987CEM
36Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’Irish (fastigiate) yew25ft. 
37 Betula pendulaSilver birch28ins. x 48ft.Good ‘weeping’ specimen
38Betula pubescensBirch16ins. x 40ft. 
39Betula pendulaSilver birch18ins. x 50ft.Another (cf. 37) good ’weeping’ form
Tilia tomentosaSilver lime11ins. x 20ft.Young tree – planted at the same time as the oaks (and in formation). Seemingly the only one in the Grange.
40ABetula pendulaSilver birch24-26ins. x 60ft.01996CEM Tall. Close against 40B, originally marked on map as one tree.
40BBetula pendulaSilver birch18-20ins. x 50ft.Close against 40A – originally marked on map as one tree.
41Betula cf. pubescensBirchc.18ins. x 40ft.Possible hybrid
42Prunus cf. ‘Kanzan’Flowering cherry24ins. @ 3ft. (into 3 x 8-16ins. above) x 20ft. 
43Tilia x europaeaLime34-40ins, x 65ft.00025EDC; 01982CEM. Good shape, clean trunk (no epicormics). Old pollarding – 4 stems @c.10ft. Cf. 59.
44Quercus roburEnglish oak16ins. x 35ft.One of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation. Nicely spaced, well-grown
Quercus roburEnglish oak16ins. x 40ftOne of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation
46Quercus roburEnglish oak16ins. x 38ft.One of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation
47Quercus roburEnglish oak14ins. x 35ft.One of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation
Quercus roburEnglish oak16ins. x 35ft.One of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation
Quercus roburEnglish oak11ins. x 25ft.One of 6 (44-49) planted together in formation
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore42ins. x 60ft.01975CEM. Big; once pollarded @ c.10-12ft. into c.10 x <20ins.
51Prunus cf. ‘Kanzan’Flowering cherry24-30ins @ 3ft. (into 4x18ins. above) x 20ft01974CEM
Betula pendulaSilver birch26-28ins. x 45ft. 
Betula pendulaSilver birch25ins. x 50ft. 
Malus x purpureaPurple-leaved crab18ins. @ 3ft, x 18ft.Widely spreading; occasional leaves lobed. Possibly ‘Lemoinei’ cf. 27
55Betula pendulaSilver birchc.12ins. x 18ft. 
Prunus aviumGeanc.50ins. x 40ft.01998CEM. Big.
57Betula cf. pubescensBirch16ins. x 25ft.Possible hybrid
58Betula pendulaSilver birchc.25ins. x 50ft. 
Tilia x europaeaLimec.42ins. x 75ft.01994CEM. Big: cf. 43. Once pollarded. Good specimen, but somewhat crowded by 58. Clean trunk.
60Betula pendulaSilver birch2.5ins. x 14ft.Planted 2016 (in memoriam Klayman)
61Malus tschonoskiiPillar apple10ins. x 20ft.Leaning @ c.30 degrees
62Sorbus aucupariaRowan11ins. x 20ft. 
63Crataegus monogynaHawthorn(4 x <9ins.) x 18ft. 
64Sorbus aucupariaRowan(10ins + 8ins) x 20ft.Healthy
65Sorbus ariaWhitebeam11ins. x 18ft. 
Betula pubescensDowny birch25ins. x 45ft.A good white trunk, but habit is that of B. pubescens. Twigs with sparse white (pilose) hairs and dense short glandular indumentum.
67Betula pendulaSilver birch15ins. x 35ft. 
68Betula pendulaSilver birch12ins. x 30ft.Contemporary (and in formation) with 76 and 77.
69Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore(4 x <2ins.) x 10ftWeedy bush
70Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore36ins. x 40ft.Once pollarded @ c.12ft – c.15 x 12ins.
71Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’Irish yew12ft x 10ft. wideOvershadowed and lopsided
72Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech45ins. x 35ft.Good spreading shape. Once pollarded at c.8ft into 8 stems.
73Betula pendulaSilver birch27ins. x 45ft. 
74Betula pendulaSilver birch14ins. x 35ft. 
Tilia x europaeaLimec.40ins. x 50ftMissing a number tag
76Betula pendulaSilver birch10ins. x 22ft.Contemporary (and in formation with) with 68 and 77. Badly dying back.
77Betula pendulaSilver birch9ins. x 15ft.Contemporary (and in formation with) with 68 and 76.
Metasequoia glyptostroboidesDawn redwood22-26ins. x 35ft.Well-spaced and doing nicely
79Betula pendulaSilver birch25ins. x 35ft. 
80Prunus  (uncertain which)Flowering cherry38ins. x 25ft.Possibly double-flowered P. avium, but impossible to tell when recorded in July.
Tilia europaeaLimec.40ins. x 65ftBig – good specimen. Once pollarded @c. 12-25ft. Number tag missing. Cf. 43 and 59, but this with epicormic shoots.
82Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore (variegated)36ins. x 50ft.Good shape. Old pollarding – c.10 @ 12-15ft.
Pinus sylvestrisScots pine14-15ins. x 25ft.‘The Grange Association Millennium Tree’ planted by R. Crofts CBE, Chief Executive, Scottish Natural Heritage, 6 October 1999. (Plaque adrift)
84Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore40-46ins. x 50ft.Old pollarding into 8-12 <18ins. @ 8-12ft. Small leaves.
Taxus baccataIrish yewBush 20ft. x 16ft. across 
86Betula pendulaSilver birch16ins. x 40ft. 
87Ilex aquifoliumHolly4.5ft.Recently planted
Betula pendulaSilver birch24ins. x 65ft.Good weeping form – well spaced
Betula pendulaSilver birch18-20ins. x 60ft.Tall, narrow, good weeping form
90Betula pendulaSilver birch18ins. x 50ft.On bank. Good white trunk and branches.
91Betula pendulaSilver birch34ins. x 50ft.Not very pendulous, but twigs without short dense indumentum.
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore50ins. x 50ft.01934CEM. Old pollarding @ c.10-12ft. into c.15 x <20ins.
93Pinus sylvestrisScots pine32ins @ 2.5ft. x 30ft.c. 7 x <18ins. @ 8ft.
Taxus baccataYew16ins. x 20ft.Spreading – against wall
95Ilex aquifoliumHolly15ins @ 4ft. (into 3 x 6-8ins. @ 6ft.) x 18ft. 
96Betula pendulaSilver birch9ins. x 20ft.Ailing somewhat and straggly
97Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (var.)Lawson cypressBush 15ft. x 18ft. across. 
98Betula pendulaSilver birch(2 x 6ins.) x 20ft. 
99Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech48ins. x 55ft.Divided into 2 @ c 6ft; old pollarding @ c.8ft into 10 <24ins. Spreading: 56-60ft.
Thuja occidentalis ‘Lutea’White cedar (ornamental var.)12ft.Neat tall pyramid. Of a pair with 101.

Thuja occidentalis  ‘Lutea’White cedar (ornamental var.)10ft.Neat tall pyramid. Of a pair with 100.
102Betula pendulaSilver birch(3 x c.16ins.) x 35ft.Possibly 2 (or 3) separate trees. Trunks swathed in ivy.
103Betula pendulaSilver birch16ins. x 30ft.Trunk thickly covered in ivy.
104Berberis darwinii 22ft.Astonishingly tall; fighting with birches and ivy.
105Sambucus nigraElderBush 12ft. x 18ft. across.Holly, ivy and sycamore growing through. NB: 105 and 107-110 much of a jumble growing on the bank.
106Pinus sylvestrisScots pine20ins. x 40ft.Planted below bank
107Sorbus intermedia x 4Swedish whitebeam1.5-8ins. x <15ft.Four bushes; also a hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna). See 105.
108Acer pseudoplatanusSycamoreThicket <25ft.Includes another Sorbus intermedia (cf.107,109). See 105.
109Sorbus intermedia x2Swedish whitebeam<15ft.Also one rowan, one hawthorn. See 105.
110Acer pseudoplatanus x2Sycamore<10ins. x 20ft.See 105
111Acer campestreField maplec.16ins. @ 2ft. (into 5 x <12ins.@ 6ft.) x 35ft.Well-spaced. Good spreading shape.
Carpinus betulusHornbeam20ins. @ 3ft. (into 5-6 @ 5ft.) x 35ft.Neat, narrow, somewhat elongated leaves, but C. betulus (rather than C. caroliniana) nevertheless. Well spaced, good shape.
Sorbus aucupariaRowan(3 x 1.5-2ins.) x 10ft.113-122 growing closely together (planted and self-sown) on the bank of the raised vault (cf.105, 107-110).
114Betula pendula x4Silver birch2-8ins. x 25ft.See 113
Sorbus intermedia x2Swedish whitebeam2/6ins. x 20ft. 3ins. x 14ft.See 113
116Betula cf. pendulaBirch6ins. x 20ft.Possible hybrid (B. pendula x pubescens). See 113.
117Sorbus aucupariaRowan(2 x 2ins.) x 11ft.See 113
118Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore(4 x <6ins.) x 25ft.See 113
119 (i)Betula cf. pubescensBirch(3 x <6ins.) x 30ft.B. pubescens or possible hybrid in a thicket of birch with two weedy cherries (Prunus avium). See 113
 119 (ii)Betula sp. x 5 1-6ins x 28ft.Probably <5 separate trees: B. pubescens and B. pendula.
 119 (iii)Betula pubescens 5ins. x 22ft. 
120Sorbus intermediaSwedish whitebeam(5 x <6ins.) x 20ft.See 113
121Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore11ins. x 30ft.See 113
Sorbus intermediaSwedish whitebeam(5 x 4-5ins.) x 25ft.See 113
123Betula pendulaSilver birch26ins. x 50ft.Well-spaced, good shape
124Betula pubescensDowny birchc.24ins. x 40ft. 
125Betula pendulaSilver birch22ins. x 38ft.Spreading, hardly pendulous
126Betula pendulaSilver birch11ins. x 38ft.Straggly, crowded and ailing
127Prunus cf. ’Kanzan’Flowering cherryc.25ins. @ 3ft. (into 6x <14ins. @ 5-6ft.) x 38ft.Crowded by beech (128)
Fagus sylvatica (the type)Beech55ins @5ft (into c.12 @ 10ft. x  < c.24ins) x 65ft.Possibly the stateliest and most impressive tree. Old pollarding @ 7-15ft. Spreading to c.80ft.
129Betula pendulaSilver birchc. 25ins x 45ft.A good tree; not very weeping
130Betula pubescensDowny birch(3 x 14-16ins.) x 40ft. 
131Betula pendulaSilver birch12ins. x 32 ft. 
Sorbus cf. mougeotiiVosges whitebeam(4 x <12ins @ c.3ft.) x c.30ft. (into c. 8 above) Similar to S. intermedia, but leaves less deeply lobed, darker green above, whiter beneath (vs. yellowish) and narrower toward the (cuneate) base. Abundant red fruit.
Pinus cf. nigraAustrian pine19ins. @ 3ft (3 x 5-16ins. @ 6ft.) x 27ft.Well spaced; good shape. Planted in formation cf.138.
134Betula pendula cf. ‘Dalecarlica’Cut-leaved silver birch5ins. x 20ft.Planted in formation. Straggly – doing poorly.
135Betula pendulaSilver birch(3 x 3-7ins) x 25ft. 
Fagus sylvaticaCopper/purple beechc.45ins. x 60ft.  Good shape. Old pollarding @ 7-10ft. into c. 12 segments. Spreading to c. 70ft.
137Acer pseudoplatanus ‘Purpureum’Sycamore50ins. x 55ft.Red undersides to leaves.  Good shape; old pollarding @8-12 ft into 12+ verticals.
Pinus nigraAustrian pine<14ins. x 24ft.Planted in formation cf. 133
139Quercus roburEnglish oakc. 12ins.x 24ft.Planted in formation cf. 133, 138
Malus spOrnamental crab apple20ins. x 20ft.Fruit scarlet <22mm, on short stalks; sepals not retained. Possibly ‘Red Sentinel’.
141Tilia x europaeaLime<40ins. x 65ft.Old pollarding into 8 main stems @ 8-12ft.
142Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore16ins. +18ins. x 35ft. 
143Betula pendulaSilver birch<34ins. x 45ft.02587CEM. Poor shape, crowded by 142.
144Prunus aviumGean34ins. x 55ft.Rather lopsided, crowded by 141.
145Betula cf. pubescensDowny birch25ins. x 60ft. 
146Quercus roburEnglish oak12ins. x 30ft.Planted in formation cf. 133, 138, 139.

Betula pubescensDowny birch26ins. x 40ft.Spreading. 00081EDC; 02594CEM.
148Betula pendulaSilver birch24ins. x 50ft. 
149Prunus cf. KanzanFlowering cherryc.30ins. @ 3ft, (leaning at c. 45 degrees) x 25ft.Divides into 4 x <18ins. @ 4ft,
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore<c.56ins. x c.75ft.Forks @ c.15ft into 3 main segments. Less obviously pollarded than others.
Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech40-42ins. x 50ft.Good spreading shape, ?uniform with 154, 155. Old pollarding @ 10-12ft. into c.15 x <24ins.
152Betula pubescensDowny birchMultiple <3ins. x 15ft. 
153Betula pendulaSilver birch(2 x 3/4ins) x 15ft.+ other stems <1in.
Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech40/42ins. x 50ft.02621CEM (tag on the ground). Old pollarding @ c.10ft into c. 10 stems <20ins.  Perhaps uniform with 151,155.
155Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech36ins. x 45ft.00036EDC. Perhaps uniform with 154, 151 but foliage not quite as dark. Old pollarding @8-1ft. into 8-10 x <20ins.  
156Acer pseudoplatanusSycamoreMultiple <2.5ins. x 18ft. 
157Betula pendulaSilver birch36ins. x 50ft.02612CEM. Good shape but not notably weeping. Probably pollarded @ c.10ft into 10 x <18ins.
Betula pendulaSilver birch32ins. x 65ft.Good weeping form
159Betula pubescens or possible hybridBirch16ins. x 42ft.00071EDC. Twigs shiny and sticky with short glandular hairs. Trunk with unfissured bark. Crowded by adjacent beech. Possible old pollarding (into 6) @ 9-10ft.
Betula pendulaSilver birch32-35ins. x 55ft.Good spreading shape, moderately weeping.
161Tilia x europaeaLime50ins. x 75ft.02615CEM. Old pollarding @ c.12ft into >10 x 24ins. V. good shape; few epicormics
162Tilia x europaeaLime<25ins. x 45ft.Old pollarding @ c.8ft. into c.7 x <15ins. Poor specimen, crowded by adjacent sycamore.
163Acer pseudoplatanusSycamorec.45ins, x 50ft.Old pollarding @ c.8ft into 5 x <24ins. and above into 10+. Good spreading shape.
Acer pseudoplatanus
? ‘Corstorphinense’
Sycamorec.45ins. @ 2ft. (into  3 @ 5ft. x 32,18,18ins.) x 50ft.Into 5 stems @10ft. Small pale leaves slightly speckled/mottled.
Betula pendulaSilver birch32ins. x 55ft.Moderately weeping, rather one-sided.
00076EDC; 02614CEM
166Pinus nigraAustrian pine11ins. x c.20ftPlanted in formation cf. 133, 138, etc. but overshadowed and overcrowded by two sycamores.
167Quercus roburEnglish oak12-13ins. x 32ft.Planted in formation, cf. 139, 146, etc.
168Pinus nigraAustrian pine16-17ins. x 27ft.Planted in formation, cf. 133,138,166, etc.
169Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech40ins. x 45ft.Pollarded @c.7ft.(and again above) into c.12 x <18ins.
170Crataegus monogynaHawthornBush 14ft x 21ft. across 
171Acer pseudoplatanusSycamorec.5 @ 5ft. x <9ins. forming a bush 30ft. x 30ft. across 
172Tilia x europaeaLimeSprouted stump forming a bush 10ft. x 12ft. acrossStump diameter c. 40ins.
Acer platanoidesNorway maple36-42ins. @ 3ft. (x2 @ 5ft) x 55ft.Pollarded @ 8-12ft. into c.15 x <10ins. Some (relatively few) leaves reddish.
174Tilia x europaeaLime<48ins. x 65ft.Pollarded @ 7-12ft. into c.10 x <18ins. Some epicormics at base, plus self-sown holly.
175Betula pendulaSilver birch30ins. x 65ft.Lopsided, crowded by 174. With large, split hanging branch and some smaller dead branches.
176Tilia x europaeaLime<50ins. x 65 ft.Pollarded @ 8-12 ft into c.8 x <20ins, and @c.15ft into c.12. Some epicormics at base.
Fagus sylvaticaPurple/copper beech36-38ins. x 60ftPollarded @ 6-12ft. into a leader + c.7 main stems <24ins. Green tag embedded, number not visible.
178Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore40-42ins. x 60ft.Pollarded @ 8-12ft into 4 main stems, then above into c. 10. Lopsided and crowded against 176, 177.
179Quercus roburEnglish oak9-10ins. x 42ft.Planted in formation cf. 167. Drawn up by shade/crowding from 176,177.
180Acer pseudoplatanus2 sycamores (both multiples)Each c. 20ins. at base x 45ft.Two together c.10 @ 5ft x <10ins, forming a thicket with 181.
181Acer pseudoplatanus3 sycamores3 stems  <10ins. 2 stems <4ins. I stem  16ins. x 40ft.Forming a thicket with 180.

Photographs: David Watson, 2020